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Ski
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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 1:32 pm 
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Just a note here regarding Kim's two photos above and the four I posted just above:

Forests evolve and develop due to disturbances. Catastrophic disturbances seem to cause things to evolve a bit quicker than minimal disturbances.
In the case of the units in the six photos above, even after the pre-commercial thinning that's taken place, there will still be a dearth of understory growth, the units will still be pretty much even-aged (and even-sized) stands.
It's highly doubtful that the DNR is going to change their practices - they are in the business of generating timber revenues for public schools as mandated by the State Legislature.
It is effectively jousting at windmills to think that's going to change at some point in the near future.

The unit cited up-thread north of Ozette is either a privately-owned or tribal-owned unit, and as such will be managed in the manner the owner of the property sees fit, as long as it's in compliance with federal and state regulations.
The solution, if one exists, to curtail clearcutting on privately-owned timberlands, is really quite simple: pony up the money and buy the real estate, as has been done by The Nature Conservancy and other groups.

In the end, the only timberlands about which the public has any say is only on USFS and BLM managed real estate, and even then one has to wonder what, if any, impact public comments really have on any given project proposal, particularly in light of management decisions being made based on whether or not there may be litigation involved in the form of lawsuits filed against a District Ranger or the management agency.

There are some here who clearly support a complete "hands off" policy when it comes to management of public timberlands - they want NO management of any sort done and espouse a mantra of "let nature take its course".
That's all fine and well, except that it takes about 1500-2500 years for a Pacific Northwest temperate rain forest to reach that "climax" late-seral stage. By that time, it may well be the case that the climate here might be completely different than it is presently and no longer suitable to support those dominant species which currently call this area their native habitat range.

I would suggest to those who think that "letting nature take its course" is the best management policy take a little drive up the #21 West Boundary Road off Hwy 101 just north of Quinault. Turn left onto the #2180 road, and then left again onto the #2180-010 road. Follow that to the Park entrance, and very carefully take a look at what is all around you as you descend down the hill for the next half mile.
According to my communications with J.L. at UW Fisheries, those units were clearcut at some point around 1936-1939. That's about 80+ years ago, give or take. The area was naturally re-seeded, primarily with Sitka Spruce and Western Hemlock.
You will note the largest specimens have yet to attain a girth of 24" DBH, and the trees are for the most part spindly and crowded. There is virtually no understory growth of any sort.
Are you willing to wait 1500 to 2500 years for those three sections to develop the same characteristics as those found on the adjoining units just down the hill?

The above is not an anomalous example - units like that exist all over the western U.S. The Cispus valley is rife with them, particularly on units that were cut later and restocked (as Gregory notes about the stand up on the Snahapish) by over-zealous managers who re-planted at ridiculous ratios (e.g., 5:1 or more.)

I regret to a degree having started this thread, as it has, as have so many other threads here, devolved into a sniping contest, which accomplishes nothing.

Personally, I don't have any sort of visceral "stomach churning" reaction to clearcuts - I see wild blackberry fields three years in the future, huckleberry fields, and ungulate browsing habitat - the things that the native tribes sought to obtain with their continual and relentless burning of the forests up until the early 20th century.

But by all means, feel free to continue to make wild unfounded statements about "sockpuppets", or being a shill for the timber companies - "cheerleading", or any other crazy nonsense you feel appropriate. I'm sure that my trip reports are clear evidence that I'm a long-term hater of big trees, right?

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Kim Brown
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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 2:24 pm 
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Ski wrote:
There are some here who clearly support a complete "hands off" policy when it comes to management of public timberlands - they want NO management of any sort done and espouse a mantra of "let nature take its course".


True; even an area not seeded is soon full of invasives. Those seeded areas are as you describe and the photos I posted. Lack of the possibility of management is one cry against portions of the Wild Olympics campaign, and one of the two photos I posted are now within wilderness, never to be managed – and that doghair mess goes on for miles. (to be fair – even if not in wilderness, it wouldn’t be managed; it was heavily seeded in 1948 and hasn’t ever been managed; there was no expectation of it being so now).

And as you point out, private forests are managed. Washington State’s Fish and Forest program provides grants and education, as does King and Snohomish Counties (I don’t know about other counties, but I bet they do), and various conservation easements.

Managed logged areas do look and function well.

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MtnGoat
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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 3:38 pm 
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I don't see a single person here advocating for hands off. Arguments are better when they're legitimate arguments, not strawmen.

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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 5:42 pm 
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Not in THIS thread, MtnGoat. Other threads.

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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 6:09 pm 
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Kim wrote:
Managed logged areas do look and function well.

IF they are managed properly.

The units you posted the photos of - and that unit where I took those four photos posted above - are both examples of areas where the replanting ratio was arguably excessive.
There are a number of reasons for over-planting, granted, but I was just last fall hunting chanterelles in the Clearwater valley on units that made me think "Why didn't they knock down twice as much wood when they did the pre-commercial thinning here?"

As I see it, there is a lot of USFS real estate on which some fairly radical pre-commercial and commercial thinning operations would be in order. Whether that generates lots of board feet of lumber or not really isn't the issue - these are dangerously over-crowded spindly stands that are overdue for wildfire or infestations of bugs and disease. (I'm thinking of the #55 Road just south of Randle as I'm typing this ... and up above the Iron Creek campground.)

But because of lack of adequate funding, the shortage of administrative staff people at the District level, and the never ending game of submitting, compromising, and withdrawing units from sale proposals to avoid litigation, very little is actually happening on the ground.
The GPNF isn't cutting anywhere near as much wood as what the NWFP called for, and (unless the CVRD silviculturalist was lying to me last time I spoke with him) that number continues to go down.

There are, scattered here and there, success stories and examples of modern-day effective management getting us closer to the desired objectives, but in the larger context it's simply not happening fast enough to keep up; the trees don't stop growing just because the U.S. Congress reduces funding appropriations, and fires don't stop starting because we pour more money into wildland firefighting.

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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 9:42 pm 
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Somewhere (possibly in this thread) I made mention of an essay I read years ago written by former USFS Chief Jack Ward Thomas.
After reaching out to some other members here, Rod dug up this dissertation written by Thomas in 2011.
While it is not the article that I had referenced, it is nonetheless well worth reading in its entirety.

Date: 7 September 2011 
 
The Future of the National Forests – Who Will Answer an   Uncertain Trumpet?

By  Jack Ward Thomas, PhD
Chief Emeritus, U. S. Forest Service
Professor Emeritus, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Montana

If the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself for battle?” I Corinthians. Verse 13.

“Where there is no vision, the people perish.” Proverbs.


http://forestpolicypub.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/uncertaintrumpet.doc

https://ncfp.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/uncertaintrumpet.doc

(* sorry I cannot recall the title of the essay I previously mentioned. there's a little voice in my head telling me that it might have had the term "old growth" in the title, but I just cannot remember. it was very late at night when I stumbled across it on the web digging around for some information. *)

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PostTue Jul 02, 2019 10:04 pm 
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This might be the one, but I just don't have time to read it right now as I have an early morning appointment:

Of Spotted Owls, Old Growth, and New Policies: A History Since the Interagency Scientific Committee Report - Bruce G. Marcot and Jack Ward Thomas - Sept. 1997

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PostWed Jul 03, 2019 8:25 am 
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Ski wrote:
Not in THIS thread, MtnGoat. Other threads.

That's a simple answer, but I don't think it's true. I have never seen anyone in any thread arguing for a hands off approach to forest regulation.

I agree with a lot of your arguments, but I don't think strawmen are good arguments.

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PostWed Jul 03, 2019 11:56 am 
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So, you don't actually have any examples of what you claim is true. Of course it's not worth your time to find what doesn't exist, and I'm expected to prove a negative.

One could argue that folks don't agree on the types or character of management, or any other number of arguments that don't involve strawmen. But that doesn't provide the emotional pull of claiming there are nefarious characters who advocate for a mythical hands off standard, does it.

Quote:
There are some here who clearly support a complete "hands off" policy when it comes to management of public timberlands - they want NO management of any sort done and espouse a mantra of "let nature take its course".

These supposed people "clearly" support something you cannot show them to support, yet it's 'clearly' true, unless I wade through 15 years of posts to find something I argue doesn't exist to begin with. Better yet, the 15 years you refer to is *your* posts, while the question is the assertions made by other posters, so I then have to search all posts for what does not exist. Hmm.

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PostWed Jul 03, 2019 8:44 pm 
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Anne Elk -

I just finished reading that second document ("Of Spotted Owls, Old Growth, and New Policies..."), and it is not the one I mentioned up-thread.
While it is an interesting read, it's not getting to the point of the one I mentioned previously.
Perhaps another stab in the dark that missed, but it nonetheless does try to put the pieces all together in a manner that makes sense.

The one I mentioned previously was much shorter, and it was just regular ol' HTML format on a regular ol' web page. I still have no idea about title or website.

The repeated attempts to derail the thread here are a bit disconcerting, but these documents by JWT kind of make up for that.

Right now I've got to head up to SeaTac, and I've still got four property owners wondering when their yards are going to look like candidates for a Sunset Magazine photo spread.
(I'm getting there little by little but the weather the last couple days hasn't been the most cooperative, and I'm not having great success with propagating Oregon Grape here and that's holding up one project interminably.)

You've got my email addy if you need to get in touch.

BK

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PostWed Jul 03, 2019 8:53 pm 
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.... speaking of derailment:

My mom got a box of mangoes from "Harry and David" and offered me one the day before yesterday.
I had a huge package of beautiful lamb chops in the refrigerator and rather than go pay a bunch of money for a little jar of "Major Grey's" I thought I'd give it a shot on my own:

I peeled and chopped up the mango and tossed it into a pot (it amounted to about one cup)
and then added
a third cup white sugar
one sixth cup white vinegar
three diced cubes of TJ's crystallized ginger
one quarter of clove of garlic minced up
about a quarter cup of black raisins
about a quarter of a teaspoon of whole mustard seed
a tiny tiny tiny bit of ground clove
a very very tiny tiny bit of cayenne
a small sprinkle of salt
and a couple tablespoons of water.

...brought all that to a boil, reduced the heat to low, and let it simmer for 45 minutes and cool for a couple hours.

Worked out so well on those lamb chops I went over to my mom's yesterday and made a batch for her out of the last mango, as she'd hit the same sale at Safeway on the lamb chops as I had.

Enjoy your 4th!

wink.gif

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treeswarper
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PostSat Jul 06, 2019 10:40 am 
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Kim, those photos look similar to what the helicopter unit did prior to harvest.  Wonders can be done with a feller buncher and a good operator, although the heli unit was hand felled--and had lots of hangups due to the tight spacing.

As for trees planted close together, somewhere out there is a paper on how seedlings grow better when planted closely.  It has to do with light bouncing off and around the little trees.  However, in an intensely managed forest, those trees are usually thinned after a few years, and then left to grow to a commercial size.

As to the 55 road.  That area had a notorious commercial thinning sale during the 1980s.  It was the first commercial entry and because it was the time of big timber going down the road, did not attract many bidders.  The low value meant loggers did not get paid much and logger after logger would be hired and would leave after doing only  one unit.

That watershed has been clearcut and commericial thinned and roads closed or washed out.  The latter has a big influence on what happens to the plantations.  Once a road is decommissioned, it isn't coming back and the alternate road that connected the 55 with the Iron Creek system was decommissioned.  The elk were using it last time I was walking on it.  They had a nice trail made.

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PostSat Jul 06, 2019 10:47 am 
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One paper on planting density.

https://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/olympia/silv/publications/opt/417_ScottEtal1998.pdf

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